On her marriage entry in 1838 her address, and witness P H Harben, is recorded as being 9 John Street (presumably in London) and the other witness Ellen Harben as living at Camberwell.
She appears on the 1841 UK Census as living at 3 Springfield Terrence
See Andrew Davidson Young for details of their children
As reported in the Grey River Argus (Westport, New Zealand) on 15 May 1888.
Given the number of (and later prominence of their descendants) it is surprising that little is known of Henry Harben. What is known is that he was a brewer in Mile End, London and later a wholesale cheesemonger (and maybe a grocer) in Whitechapal, London.
He is referred to in "The Representative History of Great Britain and Ireland: Being a History of the House of Commons" (available in full from Google Books), while describing the 'disgusting scene of profligacy' of Thomas Harben (Henry's father), that "his next care was to procure the office of warehouse-keeper of the stamp office in London, with a salary of 200 (pounds) per annum for his second son, which he was allowed to hold as a sinecure, and to continue his residence at Lewes."
Henry grew up in Lewes, and sometime between 1798 and 1803 relocated to London. The reason for the move is unclear; his father was still very much alive, successful, and as politically active as ever. Henry at this stage would have been in his late twenties / early thirties and already had five children and presumably was quite settled in Lewes.
Once in London, Henry Harben showed little of his fathers interest in politics. Although he did have some form of relationship with the London Hospital. He appears in 1818 as a member of the House Committee (The Times, 23 Oct 1818, page 2), and again in 1828, as a Steward of the London Hospital Accumulating Fund, on the occasion of the Friends of the London Hospital dinner - which I assume is some kind of fund raiser activity (in the Times, 2 June 1828).
We can follow his cheese-mongering career from the records of the Old Bailey, London, as prosecutions for the theft of his cheeses (and other small goods), reached court many times from 1813 to 1828 (and of his son's trading from the same premises in 1832).
Henry dies 'in business' (which I assume means he did not retire) on 11 October 1831 - he was 61 years of age. He was buried at the Hackney Parish Churchyard.
Henry & Mary Harben had 18 children
Mary Elizabeth Harben Christened 17 September 1793, St Anne's, Lewes, Sussex
Henry Harben, Born about 1793, christened 17 August 1795 at St Anne's, Lewes, Sussex. Married Sarah Andrade (1798-1870), the daughter of Benjamin da Costa Andrade, a Whitechapel merchant of Portuguese Jewish descent. He continued in his father's cheese trade, and was his partner in a cheesemonering firm in the 1820s. By 1830 he was in a partnership with William Larking. Around 1830 Henry left the family to live with Mary Anne Roberts, with whom he had two more children. He went bankrupt in 1835. He died in 1868. More on this branch can be found here. They had seven or eight children of which four survived childhood, including:
Robert Austen Harben: (2nd son). Christened 4 January 1797, St Anne's, Lewes, Sussex. Died of consumption on 16 August 1820, age 23. Source: The Times of London newspaper (18 Aug 1820 page 4)
Susanna Maira Harben, Born 16 June 1785, Christened 27 June 1785, St Thomas in the Cliffs, Lewes, Sussex. It is assumed she died before 1803
Louisa Harben Christened, 4 May 1798, St Anne's, Lewes, Sussex.
Frederick Harben, Christened 14 September 1803, Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London
Susanna Maira Harben, Christened 14 September 1803, Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London
Edward Harben, Christened 14 September 1803, Saint Dunstan, Stepney, London
Charles Henry Harben born about 1805 in London (based on his age given in the 1851 and 1861 Census returns), married Anne Alsop, 26 April 1837 in Derby. He is listed as a Cheesemonger of Whitechapel in 1842 (London Gazette, 25 January 1842) and as a Provisions Merchant in the '51 & '61 census returns. Known to have had four children:
Harben, (the ninth child) born, 25 July 1808, Christening 28 March 1832 (yes, 1832 - not a typo). Died, 20 August 1875, married 26 March
1835, to Joseph Chamberlain (1796-1874). For considerably more information click here. Their son,
Sophia Harben, born before Charlotte Augusta Harben and died about 15 or 16 years of age.
Cecilia Harben, died in childhood
Charlotte Augusta Harben, Born 23 July 1810. Christening 28 March 1832 (yes, 1832 not a typo). Married Edward Bailey. More on this branch can be found here.
Susan Harben, married Edward Bailey (she died and he re-married Charlotte Augusta Harben - her sister)
Ellen Harben, Born 19 November 1816, Christened 28 March 1832. Died 1879. Married, about 1845, Stanton William Preston. According to census returns 1851,61,71 & 81 he was a wholesale druggist. Their children:
Thomas Henry Harben who married Jane Durand
Watchmaker, Silversmith, Maltster, Shopkeeper, Banker, Bankrupt, Agent and advisor to the Duke of Newcastle, Bailiff of Seaford, Jurat, Magistrate for the County of Sussex, and Ironmonger.
Right, a portrait of Thomas Harben, painted about 1770.
Oldest son of Thomas Harben, a clockmaker of Cliff, near Lewes. Thomas Harben followed his father's profession - although he advertised his services as a watchmaker and silversmith (described as such in 1764).
The book, 'The Spanish Prize', by Joan Astell states; "As a younger man he was on intimate terms with the Duke of Newcastle who had considerable property in and around Lewes, and acting as his confidential agent and adviser involved himself actively in borough elections."
He married in 1766, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of Henry Playstead, a yeoman of Jevington. She is described in the Sussex Advertiser’s notice of the marriage as ‘a very agreeable young lady with a handsome fortune.’ She was born in 1746, she died in 1805.
Below: Elizabeth Harben (nee Playstead) painted around 1770.
The Duke of Newcastle died in 1768. But, Thomas continues the same relationship with his successor, Thomas Pelham - who dies in 1805.
By 1773 he is advertising to buy light gold coin. This suggests that he was successful and either making more expensive time-pieces or other precious metal items or simply trading in such items.
Around 1782 he went into banking in partnership with Thomas Pelham and Bannister Flight to form The Lewes Bank. This is followed by the Brighton and [in 1791] Horsham Banks.
Around 1782 he pays the Land Tax on Corsica Hall - which is still in Wellingham. At this stage Corsica Hall has probably been empty for around a decade. I guessing that this purchase is really only for the building materials - perhaps an irresistible bargain?
Listed in 1784 (although, this entry could have been purchased several years previously) in the Bailey's British Directory as "distributor of stamps, duty & taxation agent, silver smith, and jewellery & precious metals manufactory."
It is unclear when he buys land in Seaford, but to participate in the local politics he rents West House (still standing, in Pelham Road) and on 29 September 1785 he is elected a Freeman of Seaford.
It is assumed that that process of dismantling Corsica Hall, then transporting the bricks and building materials to Seaford, and then reassembling them takes much of the period 1782 to 1786. It is unlikely that the work was done continuously as the laborers appear to have a dual role in this period - completing the work and as votes controlled in local politics. It is quite possible that there was a financial (and certainly a political) benefit to Thomas Harben in when laborers were employed.
Below, drawing of Corsica Hall, after being relocated to Seaford
On 18 September 1786, the Sussex Advertiser and Lewes Journal reports:
In 1790 Thomas took the oath of Jurat and on 29 September 1790, elected as the town's Bailiff (roughly equivalent to role of a town's Mayor).
In 1793 all three of his banks stop payment. Thomas places all his assets with the receiver and with the assistance of some major lenders to the banks all debts are paid in full.
In November 1794, Thomas Harben is 'commissioned' Bankrupt in the London Gazette. This is not supported by his creditors and is superseded.
I have not yet resolved the exact circumstances of Thomas Harben’s “reversal of fortune.” His banks did stop payment. It appears that this was a cash flow problem and that the bank assets where larger than liabilities – leading to the bank’s creditors eventually being repaid. Of Thomas’s personal bankruptcy things are, however, less clear and appear disputed.
Later (undated) he is described in Christian Life Exemplified:
In 1796 he is elected the town's Bailiff, again. And, in the same year his eldest son, Thomas Henry Harben, becomes a Sussex Magistrate.
In 1801 he is elected the town's Bailiff, for the third time.
In 1803, he dies at the house of his son-in-law, the Rev. Edward Langford, in Isleworth.
An account of his life and in particular the public fight with Sir Godfrey Webster over his appointment as a magistrate is covered in Austen Chamberlain's "Notes on the families of Chamberlain and Harben".
An unflattering account of his political approach (and success) is covered in "The Representative History of Great Britain and Ireland: Being a History of the House of Commons" which can be read in full on Google Books.
Thomas and Elizabeth Harben are believed to have had 13 children:
Thomas Henry Harben, 1768-1823. Eldest Son. Married, Jane Durrand on 29th September 1790, she was the daughter of John Durrand, the former MP for Seaford - Jane died 8 Jan 1858 aged 84 - (making 1770 her likely birth year). He managed the sale of Corsica Hall around 1812. He was a Seaford magistrate and the captain of the Seaford Cinque Port Volunteers. Listed in the Sussex Weekly Advertiser as having obtained General Certificates for killing of Game in the County of Sussex with an address of Seaford - Monday 18 September 1809. Lived at Deans Place near Seaford from early 1800s till his death in 1823. Known to have had at least four children:
Henry Harben. 1770-1831 - second son.
Elizabeth Harben, born 14 August 1771, Christened 2 June 1772 at St Thomas in the Cliffs, Lewes., married Edward Harvey 1 Feb 1794, St Michael, Lewes, Sussex. The announcement of their marriage appears in the Freemason's Magazine, where Edward's occupation is described as "Adjutant-General of all the Land Forces". And, in The Universal Magazine, as Edward Harvey, esq, of Twickenham - February 1794. He was listed as 'Lieut-General Hon Edward Harvey' while in the role of Governor of Portsmouth from 1773 to 1778. I have not spent much time on this branch of the family, but already it is clear that Edward Harvey was very senior in the military at the time of his marriage - advisor to King George III (before he went mad), he appears in works about the American Independence (as the UK based General giving orders to English troops around 1776), and his family includes Admirals in the Navy - of the same era but active against the French.
Mary Harben, born 11 April 1774, Christened 26 January 1775 at St Thomas in the Cliffs, Lewes.
Susan (Susanna) Harben, born 16 June 1785. Christened 27 June 1785 at St Thomas in the Cliffs, Lewes. Died February 1848, "dear old aunt Sue" who did not marry and became matron of the Clergy Daughter's School at Kirkby, Lonsdale. This was the school Charlotte Bronte was sent to and, according to "Notes on the families of Chamberlain and Harben", Matron Harben was apparently the model for the Matron in "Jane Eyre". The picture to the right of Susan Harben is from "Notes on the families of Chamberlain and Harben".
Sophia Harben, born 28 February 1776, Christened 29 Aug 1781 at St Thomas in the Cliffs, Lewes. Married Edward Langford at Saint Michael, Lewes, 31 December 1793. Their marriage record descibes him as a Clerk in the Eaton Company, in Bucks. According to The history and antiquities of Syon monastery, the parish of Isleworth, and the Chapelry of Hounslow, by George James Aungier, and published in 1840; Edward Langford., M.A, is appointed the vicar of the Church of Isleworth in 1801. But, before 1806 he is bankrupt and has to pass on the role of curate. Edward dies on, or before, 1822.
a further seven children yet to be found.
Thomas Harben was a Clockmaker in Cliff, near Lewes, in Sussex. He was apprenticed in June 1724, at the age of 14, for seven years, to Thomas Barratt, a clockmaker of Lewes.
There is reference to Mary Gatland (1715-1772) being his second wife - with whom he had all his five children (another family history states 8 children). I can find no record of his first wife. I doubt he divorced (despite Henry the 8th this was still a largely unheard of occurrence) it is quite likely she died - perhaps of small pox as this was still prevalent. Mary Gatland was the daughter of Gerhard Gatland, yeoman of South Malling part of Lewes.
He lived in Cliff, near Lewes, as far as I call tell he did so for all his adult life. His clock dials simply state:
Some of the Harben Clocks survive and can be viewed here. Another is in the museum of the Sussex Archaeological Society at Anne of Cleves House, Lewes.
His son, Thomas Harben, also became a 'watchmaker and silversmith" - perhaps effectively apprenticed to his father - and was listed as such in 1764 (when he would have been 28 years of age). This son soon moved into other ventures (see above) and it appears that another son (or nephew) continued making Harben clocks until around 1810. In the 'Watchmakers and Clockmakers of the World' by G. H. Baillie is it is noted that:
In 1766 he died, and his will, proved in 1767, left to his wife Mary “all that my messuage or tenement and premises with appurtenances in the Cliffe aforesaid now being in my own occupation…”
It is understood that Thomas and Mary had five (maybe 8) children:
Nympha Americana and Corsica Hall
The evidence collected by Joan Astell and published by the Seaford Museum as 'The Spanish Prize' in 1972, shows that it is highly unlikely that Thomas Harben had any benefit from this wreck - his will only lists Cliff property. And, that there was no Harben involvement in Corsica Hall until 1782, some sixteen years after Thomas Harben's death.
Below: A watercolour bird's-eye view of the town of Lewes in (East) Sussex and 'the Cliffe with the adjacent country taken from Baldry's Garden in the Cliffe' drawn in 1785 by S.H. Grimm.
Below, the Lewes Bridge 1782.
According to the Sussex Marriage Records he was a maltster, of Southover, and Mary Cheeseman was from Ringmer, Sussex. Mary dies in 1723 and at some point after 1724 Charles and surviving family settle in Cliffe, Lewes.
Charles and Mary Harben are known to have had the following children:
While nothing is yet known of Charles Harben's parents, according to Sir Austen Chamberlain's 1915 book Notes of the families of Chamberlain and Harben the Harben's believed that they originated from Somerset and then migrated to Sussex in the 17th Century. It is hard to gauge the likelihood of this being correct as this book has on closer investigation not been very accurate on this generation of the Harbens. There are appearances of Harben's and Cheeseman's in the parish records around Lewes dating back to 1596. My assumption is that this is far as we can currently go with this family line.